Conversion Therapy: What Is It?

Any form of mental or physical therapy intended to “cure” or “repair” a person’s gender identity and expression, or their attraction to people of the same sex, is known as conversion therapy. These therapy can transform a person into a heterosexual or “straight,” according to providers. However, there isn’t any proof for this.

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Experts in medicine and mental health have long disapproved of conversion therapy, viewing it as harmful and prejudiced. Not only does it not work, but it may also result in:



drug abuse

Without a home


In severe situations, the customs might be cruel or violent. “Ex-gay therapy” or “reparative therapy” are other names for conversion therapy.

What Is the Format of Conversion Therapy?

It might include everything from medical and religious practices that are emotional or physical to psychotherapy (talk therapy).

psychoanalysis. It is talk therapy that is most commonly employed. However, clinicians may also attempt cognitive, behavioral, or interpersonal therapy. Some attempt to rewire mental processes for same-sex desire by teaching stereotypically masculine and feminine behaviors or by using hypnosis. Another widely employed technique is known as “aversion therapy.” People who participate in this technique may be subjected to unpleasant or painful experiences such as electric shocks and medications that cause nausea or paralysis. This is done in an attempt to “correct” it by creating a bad association with the person’s identity or attractions.

medical. This covers steroid, hormone, and medication therapy. Extreme examples involve the “neutralization” of sexual orientation by gender-affirming surgery. particularly in transsexual individuals.

religious in nature. Homosexuality and other gender expression and identity behaviors are occasionally seen as “evil” in several religious traditions. Conversion therapy is occasionally administered by clergy members or other spiritual counselors. It might entail saying prayers and making derogatory remarks about LGBT people. In extreme circumstances, it may also entail shackling, starvation, beatings, and even exorcisms.

The term “gender identity disorder” was eliminated from the American Psychiatric Association’s (APA) diagnostic manual in 2013. Nowadays, the American Psychological Association refers to conversion treatment methods as “gender identity change efforts (GICE)” or “sexual orientation change efforts (SOCE).” It created the terminology to set itself apart from therapies that rely on data. However, providers—who are often unlicensed—can frequently mask the phrases they employ in order to evade detection.

Among these words are:

Exploration of sexual attraction fluidity in therapy (SAFE-T)

removing, lowering, or lessening the occurrence or strength of undesired same-sex attraction (SSA)

Therapy for reparation

Attempts at sexual reorientation

former homosexual ministry

encouraging sexual health

addressing illnesses and addictions related to sex

Counseling on sexuality

promoting sexual and relational wellbeing

repairing sexual trauma

How Can Conversion Therapy Be Harmful?

The use of conversion treatment procedures might cause one to feel “damaged” or “less than,” which lowers one’s self-esteem. Your mental and physical well-being may suffer greatly as a result. For this reason, a number of mental health and medical organizations have publicly condemned the practice of conversion therapy in declarations.

Furthermore, a lot of people who advertise themselves as qualified to offer conversion treatment are frequently neither medical professionals nor certified mental health practitioners.

According to one research, those who identify as LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or questioning) and who experience discrimination or rejection include:

eight times more likely to say they’ve tried suicide

Approximately six times as likely to report having severe depression

more than three times more likely to take illicit substances

three times as likely to have high HIV and other STD risk

Advantages of CAR T-Cell Therapy

Before CAR T-cell treatments arrived on the market, most patients with B-cell malignancies depended upon chemotherapy and stem cell transplants. Although the patient and his or her healthcare practitioner should always make the final decision regarding a patient’s course of treatment, CAR T-cell therapy may have several benefits that may make it a desirable option. These include the possibility for reduced side effects, longer durability, and shorter treatment periods.

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Time of Treatment

Very brief treatment periods are necessary for CART T-cell treatments; typically, a single infusion and fewer than two weeks of hospital care are needed. Even though stem cell transplants usually only need one infusion spread over a few hours, the entire course of therapy, including preparation and recuperation, might take several months. Tandem transplants, which are stem cell therapies involving many infusions, might need even more time. Chemotherapy treatment plans may take months to finish, involving several treatment cycles (i.e., treatment and recuperation periods that alternate, usually lasting three weeks after each dosage of the drug).


Research on the long-term effects of CAR T-cell therapy is still in progress, however many patients report that their remission lasts for several years after receiving the treatment. CAR T-cell treatment has the potential to be curative in at least some cases, similar to stem cell therapy. CAR T-cells may be able to treat relapses even after the original malignancy is no longer apparent because of their lengthy half-life in the body. Conventional chemotherapy, on the other hand, only kills cancer cells when it is administered and for a short while after. Therefore, in order to produce an impact during a relapse, chemotherapy (or another regimen) must be restarted.


Aggressive chemotherapy is not necessary for CAR T-cell treatments, and patients undergoing CAR T-cell infusion usually do not need immunosuppression unless there is an increase in cytokines after infusion. This is a significant safety benefit over chemotherapy and stem cell transplantation. Patients’ prognosis decreases when they choose not to get treatment at all because to significant side effects from chemotherapy and stem cell transplantation.

CAR T-Cell Dose Determination and Rationale

One of the most important factors of a successful and educational clinical study is dose selection. Cellular treatments, such as CAR T-cell therapy, may seem more complex than small-molecule medications when it comes to dosage selection, but many of the same guidelines apply. Because the transgenes present in CAR T-cells are unique from the patient’s own DNA, it is feasible to quantify the transgenes using a method similar to quantitative PCR and utilize the results to characterize the cellular kinetics. Cellular kinetics and quantifiable pharmacodynamic responses can be combined using modeling and simulation (pharmacometric) approaches to support suitable doses for clinical trials. These methods can also be utilized to offer crucial support for the final product label as well as for the product’s safe and efficient usage when it is put on the market.

In conclusion

Although cellular immunotherapies are an exciting development in personalized medicine and cancer, they carry some risk, much like other medications or biologics. The secret to getting your product licensed is being aware of these hazards and having the skills necessary to successfully negotiate the regulatory and developmental obstacles that these kinds of remedies must overcome. Allucent is aware of the difficulties involved in creating cellular treatments, such as CAR T therapies. Reach out to us if you are creating cellular or alternative immunotherapies to find out more about Allucent’s background and how Allucent can maximize your development efforts.

Behavioral therapy: what is it?

Treatment modalities for mental health illnesses are grouped together under the phrase “behavioral therapy.” It is predicated on the notion that all behaviors are learnt and malleable.

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This type of treatment seeks to pinpoint problematic or possibly self-destructive habits and offers assistance in changing them. Treatment plans frequently center on the problems of the present and how to solve them.

Behavioral treatment types

Behavioral treatment is available in several forms.

Remedial behavioral medicine

The use of cognitive behavioral therapy is very common. It combines cognitive therapy, which focuses on thought patterns, with behavioral therapy, which addresses patterns of behavior.

The focus of treatment is on the ways in which your ideas and beliefs shape your behavior and emotional state. It frequently concentrates on your present issues and how to resolve them. Developing thought and behavior patterns that improve your quality of life is the ultimate objective.

Play treatment based on cognitive behavior

Play therapy that uses cognitive behavioral therapy is frequently used to address mental health issues in children. A therapist might learn about a child’s inability or discomfort in expressing themselves by seeing them play.

Kids could be allowed to select the items they want to play with and run wild. They could be instructed to sketch a picture or construct scenarios in a sandbox using toys. Parents can learn from therapists how to utilize play to enhance communication between them and their kids.

By working with the child and the caregivers to teach the kid coping skills and goal-setting techniques, the therapist also adopts a more direct approach in this type of play therapy. The child’s play is not the only activity the therapist observes.

Therapy of acceptance and commitment (ACT)

Behavioral analysis is a component of ACT, a type of psychotherapy administered by a mental health professional. Although ACT and CBT are occasionally contrasted, ACT has a unique approach. Relational frame theory, which emphasizes mental processes and human language, is the foundation of ACT.

People learn acceptance techniques and mindfulness techniques in ACT with the aim of being more psychologically flexible. Methods for changing behavior and commitment are also employed.

DBT, or dialectical behavioral treatment

Dr. Marsha Linehan developed DBT as a means of treating the symptoms of borderline personality disorder (BPD), an emotional regulation disorder characterized by an unstable personal life, suicidal thoughts and behaviors, and other symptoms.

A few methods utilized in behavioral treatment

Descensitization with time

One technique that might assist you in becoming less sensitive to certain stimuli is called systematic desensitization. It makes extensive use of classical conditioning, a kind of instinctive and unconscious learning that shapes behavior. It’s frequently applied to the management of phobias.

Learning breathing and relaxation methods is the first step in learning how to replace your fear reactions with relaxation responses throughout therapy.

Your therapist will utilize these tactics to help you face your fear or fears at gradually higher levels when you’ve mastered them.

Aversion medicine

Treatment for diseases such as alcoholism and substance abuse disorders sometimes involves aversion treatment. It functions by educating individuals to link an intensely uncomfortable sensation with a pleasurable stimulus that elicits a reaction but is harmful.

It might be the unpleasant stimulation that is uncomfortable. For instance, a therapist can instruct you to link alcohol use to a bad experience.

Child behavioral treatment

Children can benefit from both play therapy and applied behavioral therapy. Teaching kids other ways to react to circumstances in a more positive way is part of the treatment.

Rewarding adaptive behaviors that improve a child’s functioning and discouraging maladaptive behaviors—those that obstruct a child’s ability to operate to their fullest potential—are essential components of this therapy.

It is common for this therapy to need the participation of several adults in the child’s life, such as parents, teachers, and other significant adults.

Children may need some time to develop trust in their counselor. This is to be anticipated.

A youngster may become more receptive and capable of expressing themselves completely with enough time, patience, and attention to developing trust. The child’s age also has a big impact on this.

Behavioral treatment is typically beneficial for autistic children who also have ADHD.

Where to look for a behaviorist

Although it might seem difficult to choose a therapist, there are a lot of options available to help.

When looking for a mental health specialist or therapist, you have the following options:

social workers

counselors with a religious background

Counselors who are not religious



Make sure the therapist you select has the required training and credentials. Certain therapists specialize in treating certain problems, such as depression or eating disorders.

If you are unsure of where to begin in your search for a therapist, you might seek advice from a general practitioner, a medical professional who handles a wide variety of ailments. If it’s acceptable for you, your general practitioner could suggest seeing a psychiatrist.

If a psychiatrist believes you could benefit from medication, they are allowed to issue a prescription for it. If you want assistance in locating a therapist.

The majority of insurance policies will pay for counseling for mental health issues. Certain therapists provide sliding-scale payment choices or subsidies to those from low-income families.

A therapist will probe you extensively with questions in order to precisely identify your issues and create a customized treatment plan.

When you are gaining the gains or improvements you have been seeking and you feel at ease discussing with your therapist, you have discovered the perfect one. Before you locate the ideal therapist, you could need to see a few of them.

Tricks To Maintain Your Feet Heat In Your Home Office

It could appear a very simple train, however strolling around on your tiptoes is excellent for your legs and toes and can help to improve your stability for the future. Simply stroll around on your tiptoes for a couple of minutes every single day, and you will discover your feet and legs feeling stronger. It is essential to strengthen the calf muscles so as to be positive that they’ll assist the foot correctly, and by doing heel raises on the sting of a step, you will work the calves as well as the ligaments of the toes. Simply stand with the fronts of your feet on a stair, and push upwards and then decrease down, so that you just extend and contract the muscles throughout the toes and legs. As you decrease, let the heels dip under the extent of the stair to benefit these essential muscles.

plantar fascia socks articles

Bacteria can construct up beneath old nail varnish and this is not a good thing! A bit of tea tree oil or olive oil rubbed into your nails can hold them in good condition. Treating your self to a pedicure will also make your nails and ft look and feel nice. You can do a stage of house maintenance in your toes however in case you have let your feet go, kickstart your new routine with a trip to a podiatrist. They will be able to offer you a full foot assessment, remedy and recommendation tailor-made to your wants.

This will assist to redistribute the weight across your foot, stopping any pressure constructing in one area. Previously, van Netten et al. confirmed that plantar foot thermal asymmetry of 1.35°C can be used as a diagnostic temperature threshold, to detect diabetes-related issues that require immediate plantar fascia pack remedy corresponding to DFIs (14). The findings of our examine help this cut-off temperature value. We found an overall median thermal asymmetry of 1.8°C on baseline with thermal asymmetry values higher than 1.35°C in six out of seven patients.

I’ve Been Wearing The Socks In Bed At…

The front leg ought to have a bent knee and the leg behind it should have a straight knee. Hold the stretch for seconds and reverse the position of your legs to repeat the stretch. The arches of the foot carry out a vital function and if they’re weak, plantar fasciitis is more prone to develop. To work these muscle tissue, relaxation your foot flat on the floor when you are seated, and then pull the arch up, making certain that the big toe, heel and ball remain on the floor. This is a very simple exercise that helps to build up the muscle tissue of the foot, especially those that help the arches.

Visit a specialist shoe store corresponding to Foot Solutions and speak to us about finding the easiest sneakers, socks and customized arch helps in your toes. Differences in SEBT performance across sports activities could subsequently be linked to some members utilizing their hands in the course of the check in contrast with others who did not. This would then create a spurious relationship between sport participation and SEBT efficiency. Thus, so as to examine several populations (or sports activities activities), we suggest that participants place their arms on their hips so as to standardize trunk displacement and the consistency of errors when performing the protocol7,14,21 (Figure 2).

There is grade B proof that WBV training improves hamstring flexibility in physically active adults. The Centre of Evidence Based Medicine recommends a grade of B for degree 2 proof with constant findings. As an open-access journal, Vascular Biology articles are immediately obtainable to read on publication, without restriction. The two kinds of article metrics we measure are (i) more conventional full-text views and pdf downloads, and (ii) Altmetric information, which shows the broader influence of articles in a spread of non-traditional sources, similar to social media. Vascular Biology is dedicated to supporting researchers in demonstrating the impression of their articles published in the journal.

More detailed studies in larger groups of sufferers are needed to assess the prognostic worth of thermal asymmetry. DFI is a clinical diagnosis, defined as the presence of manifestations of an inflammatory process in any tissue beneath the malleoli in folks with diabetes (6). Mostly, DFIs happen in a web site of trauma or ulceration within the presence of peripheral neuropathy, and fewer regularly PAD (8).

Happy Ft Reflexology Cork

It is essential to deal with plantar fasciitis properly to forestall problems and improve high quality of life. It is recommended to consult a doctor for an accurate prognosis and treatment. Ultra-thin bottoms are torture as there’s nothing between your ft and the road. Luckily, some of at present’s hippest styles have solid bottoms that act as shock absorbers. When toes have to grip to keep the shoe on, it causes tiny tears in the ligaments of the arch (aka plantar fasciitis). I blame trendy thongs for the many circumstances of arch pain I handled last summer season in my practice.

Cutting calluses with scissors and razor blades is dangerous and may lead to an infection. Skin that is eliminated unevenly will develop again quicker to compensate. It is really helpful that you simply seek the advice of a chiropodist/podiatrist. Moisture trapped between the toes can cause maceration and athletes foot. OTC Update (formerly Pharmacy Assistant incorporating Pharmacy Technician) is a quarterly print and digital complement that gives up-to-date information about widespread illnesses and over-the-counter advice.

Infrared Thermography For Monitoring Severity And Remedy Of Diabetic Foot Infections

WadS, JvN, RK, JvB and SB critically reviewed and edited the manuscript. This analysis received no particular grant from any funding company within the public, business or not-for-profit sectors. During a 6-month period, 37 patients with DFIs have been admitted to our hospital of whom seven have been included in this research (Fig. 2). All included sufferers were male, and age and BMI have been typical for this inhabitants (Table 1). Based on our expertise with sufferers hospitalized with DFIs in our heart, we used a convenience sample of patients included throughout a 6-month research duration. We have solely listed right here some of the roles of the plantar intrinsic muscle tissue, there are actually fairly a couple of more.

We due to this fact suggest that deviation between trials for a similar path on the identical foot should not exceed 2 cm (based on the SE of measurement from Powden et al.17). In absorbing power from the vertical ground reaction forces there might be much less GRF power to pressure the plantar fascia. Therefore, plantar intrinsics may be necessary for the safety of the plantar aponeurosis. Patients with plantar fasciitis have been proven to have much less volume (13) and less cross-sectional area of their intrinsics than plantar fasciitis free age-matched controls (14). This suggests the ability of the intrinsics to absorb vitality may be protecting the plantar fascia from larger tensional stresses. It appears that stronger, bigger intrinsic foot muscular tissues might end in stiffer longitudinal arches, as this is present in those that habitually use minimal footwear (15).